threatens Brazilian credit institutions clients
Modern banking Trojans use various methods to steal money from victims’ bank accounts: both high-tech and those designed to take advantage of users’ inattention or credulity. The banker discovered by Dr. Web experts threatens Brazilian remote banking systems’ users. To date, more than 300 unique samples of this banker have been identified, as well as over 120 servers used by them, and its distribution continues.
The Trojan, added to the Dr.Web virus databases under the name Trojan.PWS.Banker1.28321, distributed under the guise of the Adobe Reader application, designed to view documents in PDF format. Once launched, it shows a window with the name of this application.
The malicious program attempts to determine whether it is running in a virtual environment. When a virtual machine is detected, the program terminates. The banker also monitors the Windows local language settings. If the system language is not Portuguese, the Trojan does not perform any actions.
The loader module Trojan.PWS.Banker1.28321 is implemented as a VBscript script, while the Trojan itself is written in .NET. The load script is launched by the standard MSScriptControl.ScriptControl COM object. It connects to the managing server and downloads two ZIP-archives from it, one of which contains the obfuscated dynamic library created using Delphi development environment. This library contains the malicious program’s main functions.
When users open the Internet banking sites of various Brazilian financial institutions in the browser window, Trojan.PWS.Banker1.28321 imperceptibly replaces the web page, showing the victim a fake authentication form. In some cases, the Trojan requests an authorization verification code from an SMS message the banks sends users. This information is then transmitted from the Trojan to cybercriminals.
This scheme of replacing the content of original, user-viewed web pages with the “bank-client” systems is used by many banking Trojans. Often they threaten credit institutions’ clients not only in Brazil, but around the world. Over the past month, Dr. Web specialists have identified over 340 unique Trojan.PWS.Banker1.28321 variations. They also found 129 domains and IP addresses of Internet resources belonging to cybercriminals from which the Trojans downloaded archives containing malicious libraries. This indicates the banker is wide-spread. Information about all known Trojan.PWS.Banker1.28321 variations have been add
ed to the Dr.Web virus databases, and the addresses of the servers they use have also been added to the SpIDer Gate web antivirus databases, so the Trojan does not pose a threat to our customers.